- A-Line silhouette
An A-Line silhouette is a silhouette (usually of a one-piece garment) that flares gently at the waist or hips, resembling the letter "A".
First created in 1941, acrylic fibers are a form of synthetic fiber. The properties of acrylic fiber make the end-product strong and warm and is an ideal material for sweaters, threading, and liners.
Adire is a cotton fabric that has been resist-dyed using indigo. Adire looks similar to batik or shibori fabrics.
- Almond-toe shoe
An almond-toe shoe is a shoe that is neither too pointed, rounded or square. It gets its name from the shoe cap, which resembles the shape of an almond and creates a softer, more tapered rounded point to its toe.
- Anchor chain
An anchor chain alternates a single, small, round link with a larger oval link (resembling a chain attached to a boat anchor). Also known as a Mariner chain or a Rambo chain.
An anorak is a type of coat, with a hood, often lined with fur or faux fur, that is designed for extremely cold, wintry weather.
Applique is a method of decorating clothing via ornamental needlework and pieces of various shaped fabrics sewn onto a larger piece to form a picture. The fabric is often floral or leafy patterns with layers sewn atop each other. The applied pieces typically have their edges folded under and edges attached using straight or satin stitches.
Argyle is a knitted or woven pattern typically made from diamond-shaped material. Most argyle contains layers of overlapping motifs, adding a three-dimensional sense of movement and texture. The pattern first became popular in Europe and the United States during World War I.
Armscye (i.e Arms Eye) refers to the armhole opening in a garment and is also the tailoring term for the pattern shape used when constructing the armhole. If you were to label the anatomy of a dress, the armscye would be at the opening of the bodice, where the sleeve is attached.
- Ascot Collar
An ascot collar is a tall collar with points turned up over the chin and worn with an ascot tie or cravat.
- Asymmetrical silhouette
The asymmetrical silhouette has a diagonal hemline, an effect that is most often achieved by varying the colors, cuts, stitches, and fabrics rather than cutting the garment in asymmetrical lines.
- Babushka hood
A Babushka Hood is a woman’s scarf, usually triangular in shape, that is tied under the chin with the hood covering the top of the head.
- Baby Doll
A Baby Doll dress is a type of short dress that features an empire neckline and often made of light chiffon fabrics and decorated with ornamental lace, ribbon, and bows. The style was first popularized by Carroll Baker in the 1956 film Baby Doll where it was worn as a night dress.
- Ball chain
A Ball chain has round beads fixed along a chain. The distance between the beads can vary but are often strung close together. Also known as a Bead chain.
- Ball clasp
A ball clasp (aka bead clasp) is a round, spherical jewelry fastener. They provide a decorative closure which flows with the design of the necklace or bracelet.
Bandeau is a type of clothing that is essentially nothing more than a strip of cloth. It is a strapless, sleeveless, off-the-shoulder top, similar to a tube top, but narrower. The bandeau originally emerged as a type of swimwear during the 1940's.
Banding is the technique of binding or fastening one piece of fabric to another. Banding is used to strengthen or tidy a seam, or to add an embellishment with a decorative inlay or border.
- Bar fagoting
Bar Fagoting is the simplest fagoting technique (an embroidery technique used to create a crisscross design), which uses twisted embroidery thread, like a buttonhole twist, that is then covered over-and-over again with stitches.
- Bar jacket
A Bar Jacket is a type of jacket with a softer shape, sloping rounded shoulders, narrow waist and padding at the hips. It was created originally by Christian Dior for his ‘Ligne Corolle’ in 1947, from the show that was famously dubbed ‘The New Look’.
- Barbell earrings
Barbell earrings come in the form of a metal bar with an orb on either end (and thus resemble the shape of a barbell). One of the orbs is affixed in place while the other can be detached to allow the earring to be inserted through the piercing.
- Barrel clasp
A barrel clasp features a square wire that fits into a barrel-shaped tube and locks into p lace. Some screw together for additional safety.
- Barrel clasp
A barrell clasp is a small barrel-shaped closure which fastens two ends together through a screw, box, or hook-insert mechanism.
Basque is a type of bodice that either extends below the waistline or over the skirt. They have a V-shape and close contoured fit, in the style of a corset.
Basting refers to tacking - the long, loose stitches that, rather than pinning, anchor the material in place until the final sewing. It is far more professional and comfortable to baste, not pin, your silhouette in place.
Batik is a technique of resist dying. Before dying the fabric is pile-spread with wax. The wax protects the fabric from the dye allowing the waxed part to remain uncolored. Typically the wax is cracked to create a veined effect.
- Batwing sleeve
A batwing sleeve is a long, loose sleeve having a deep armhole and thin, tapered wrist giving it a wing-like appearance. It is formed from a large triangular piece of fabric that connects the shoulder to the wrist and the wrist to the waist.
- Bead chain
A Bead chain has round beads fixed along a chain. The distance between the beads can vary but are often strung close together. Also known as a Ball chain.
- Belcher chain
A belcher chain is made of oval interlocking links with alternate links turned 180 degrees. Also known as a Rolo chain.
- Bell silhouette
The bell silhouette is fitted in the bodice to the waist and then flares generously to the hem (achieved through layers of fine fabric) to make a bell-shaped skirt. It is commonly found in wedding dresses and traditional dresses.
- Bell Sleeve
A bell sleeve is a sleeve that flares from the elbow and upper arm, creating a bell-shaped sleeve. It can be long or short extending anywhere from the elbow to the wrist. If the sleeve is relatively full in circumference and is gathered or pleated into both the armhole and at the bottom, it is called a Bishop's Sleeve.
- Bellow Pocket
A bellow pocket is a large pocket with an expansion pleat sewn to the outside of the garment. Bellow pockets are typically featured on jackets, pants and skirts and often found on safari-themed garments.
A beret is a French-inspired soft, round, or flat-crowned hat. Beret hats are usually made from woven, hand-knitted wool, crocheted cotton, wool felt, or acrylic fiber. They fit snugly around the head and can be shaped in many fashions. In America, they are often pushed to one side of the head. It is common to see berets worn worldwide as part of the uniform of military and police units.
- Bermuda Shorts
Bermuda shorts are a type of short characterized by the hem, which can be cuffed of non-cuffed, cut around 1 inch above the knee. They are so-named because of their popularity in Bermuda, a British Overseas Territory, where they are considered appropriate business attire for men. There are three types of bermuda shorts: boyfriend (usually oversized and distressed), fitted (often cut from jeans), and chino shorts. Since their length does not highlight the leg well, they should be complemented with a stylish top (fitted or knotted tops work best) and plenty of accessories.
- Bertha Collar
A bertha collar is a wide, flat, round collar, often made with a sheer material or lace attached, that falls from the neckline to expose a wide opening at the front and back.
Bias means "to be cut on the grain". It is a diagonal cut made against or at a 45-degree angle to the grain of a woven fabric. Garments cut on the bias have a fluid movement and drape in a manner that serves to highlight the curves of the body.
- Bib Necklace
A bib necklace is a necklace with a broad front section, often decorated, embroidered or layered with beads, that covers part of the chest. A bib necklace typically sits higher on the neck, closer to the collarbone. They look great over T-shirts or can be used to renew a tired outfit.
- Bishop Sleeve
A bishop sleeve is a sleeve that is fuller at the bottom (near the wrist) than the top and gathered at the cuff.
A blazer is a type of jacket resembling a formal suit jacket but cut more casually (but not as casually as a sports coat). Blazers are durable and can be worn with a variety of tops including button-up shirts with ties, polo shirts, and even T-shirts.
A Bolero refers to a short jacket, typically open-fronted, that is collarless with long sleeves and characteristically stops above the waist.
Bootleg is a type of leg cut in pants that tapers to the knee and then flares toward the ankle. They are designed to wear comfortable with boots.
Boucle is a type of yarn (and the fabric made from it) made from a length of loops of similar size giving it a looped texture.
- Box chain
A box chain has square links rather than the typical round links giving the item a squared, flatter look. Thick box chains serve well as a statement while thinner box chains are often paired with pendants.
- Box clasp
A box clasp uses a tab inserted into a decorative box, usually with some sort of safety mechanism to secure the closure.
- Box jacket
The Box Jacket evolved from the coachman’s heavy overcoat and is a coat with a straight, unfitted back that hangs loosely from the shoulders.
- Box pleats
Box Pleats appear in ‘clusters’, often forming a panel, and are essentially back to back knife pleats. They are typically found in skirts, shirts or as a decorative flounces to interiors.
- Breton Stripe
Breton stripes, based on the French sailor uniform, are a horizontally striped shirt made with thin blue horizontal lines printed onto a white shirt.
A brocade is a class of ornate, richly decorative shuttle-woven fabrics, often made in colored silks and with or without gold and silverthreads. They are often reversible and featuring motifs such as flowers, foliage and scrollwork.
Brogue refers to a stout,coarse, flat-heeled shoe often constructed with a hobnailed sole. They often feature perforated material and a wing tip.
A nustle is the ‘pouf’ or padding that is worn at the back of a skirt, either underneath or folded in to the fabric. It can be a drape or twist of fabric, or use a framework of layers and it is meant to exaggerate the feminine charm of behind. Its original purpose was to pull the skirt back and keep the hem from dragging in the mud.
- Cable knit
Cableknit (or cable knit) is a knit popularly used in knitted sweaters. It features a raised pattern that resembles a stranded cable.
- Cable smocking
Cable smocking is an outline stitch, worked in one row of dots that can then be developed in one of three ways to create traditional style English smocking.
- Cap sleeves
Cap sleeves are a style of short sleeve that are cut and seamed to fit on the shoulder and taper to nothing underneath the arm. This style is usually not as loose as a standard short sleeve T-shirt, but more like a small cap covering the shoulder.
- Capri Pants
Capri pants go by a variety of names including three quarter pants, capris, crop pants, pedal pushers, clam-diggers, flood pants, jams, highwaters, culottes, or toreador pants. Capri pants are longer than shorts but are not as long as trousers. They typically come down to between knee and calf or ankle length.
- Capsule collection
Capsule collections are a term used to describe a condensed version of a designer’s vision.
A cardigan is a type of knitted, woolen sweater, similar to a jacket, with an open zippered or buttoned front (occasionally they have not buttons or zippers and hang open by design). Traditionally they were made with wool but now may be constructed of cotton or synthetic fibers.
- Cartridge pleats
Cartridge pleats are a form of pleats most often used in skirts or curtains. They feature a series of small, rounded, stand-away folds of cloth.
- Chain ear-thread clasp
A chain ear-thread earring clasp is connected to the pin by a thin chain which is inserted through the pierced earlobe. It's benefit is that it enhances the look of the earring.
- Chelsea Boots
Chelsea boots are a close-fitting, ankle height slip on boot with elasticated side panels. They often have a loop or tab of fabric on the back of the boot, enabling the boot to be pulled on.
A modern chemise is generally a woman's garment that vaguely resembles the older shirts but is typically more delicate, and usually more revealing. Most commonly the term refers to a loose-fitting, sleeveless undergarment or type of lingerie which is unfitted at the waist. It can also refer to a short, sleeveless dress that hangs straight from the shoulders and fits loosely at the waist. A chemise typically does not have any buttons or other fasteners and is put on by either dropping it over the head or stepping into it and lifting it up.
- Chiffon velvet
Chiffon velvet is a very lightweight velvet on a sheer silk or rayon chiffon base.
- Choker necklace
A choker necklace is a necklace that is 14-16 inches in length and thus, worn tightly around the neck.
- Cigarette Pants
Cigarette pants go by many names including drainpipes, stovepipes, tight pants, skinny jeans, slim-fit pants, skinny jeans, pencil pants, skinny pants, gas pipes, and skinnies. Cigarette pants taper completely at the bottom of the leg.
- Circular cut
A circular cut is specific method used to construct a garment. Rather than cutting straight angles, you trace a circle, creating a soft fullness. This cut is the basic pattern used to create ruffles.
- Cisele velvet
Cisele velvet is a type of velvet where the pile uses cut and uncut loops to create a unique pattern.
- Clip on earring clasp
A clip-on earring clasp are attached to the earlobe by means of a hinged clip on the back of the earring. They require no piercings of the ear lobe.
- Cocktail Dress
A cocktail dress could be anything from a "little black dress" to a floral-printed dress or a plain, short evening gown, as long as it was worn with accessories. These might be earrings, pearl necklaces, bracelets, or brooches. However, it is most common to wear costume jewelry.
- Collar necklace
A collar necklace is a necklace of 14 inches. Like a choker, it is worn tightly around the neck.
- Column Dress
A column dress is a long, close-fitting dress that does not have shaping.
- Cowl neckline
A cowl necklines refers to draped, rounded folds around the neckline of a garment, which falls below the collarbone. The drape of a cowl neckline works to flatter rather than conform and constrict the body’s contour.
A cross-stitch is a type of embroidery stitch that can be used to make a simple background pattern. It is often used to throw tapestry and decorative embroidery into relief. It is also used for decorative edging, motifs or simple banding. As the name implies, the stitch is made up of a cross, or two diagonals.
- Crow's feet
Crow’s feet are triangular stitches traditionally made at the end of pockets or darts on tailored garments. The shape is first marked by basting, before a needle twists the left to top corner in small left-to-right stitches and continues down, with top and outlined again. Crow’s feet are used to sew hidden strength in to points of stress, like pleats or corners.
- Crushed velvet
Crushed velvet is a type of velvet with a unique patterned appearance produced by either pressing the fabric in various directions or by mechanically twisting the fabric while wet.
- Cubic zirconia
Cubic Zirconia (CZ, synthetic diamond, diamond simulate, or faux diamond) is a synthetic crystalline substance which mimics many of the properties of real diamonds - CZ stones are colorless, strong, hard, and virtually flawless . Even expert jewelers can be fooled by CZ stones. While CZ is much cheaper than diamonds, it offers many advantages. Since CZ stones are manufactured in a lab, there is no worry about "conflict stones" mined from war-torn countries using slave-like labor. CZ is denser than diamond and has more flashes of color. It is also less brittle than diamond and has no cleavages which could make them susceptible to cracks and chips. Cubic zirconia is an excellent alternative to diamonds and just like diamonds; you can see them in rings, bracelets, earrings, and pendants.
Cupro is a rayon-like fabric made from cotton cellulose linter (the silky fibers that stick to the seeds of the cotton plant). Similar to rayon, it breathes and feels cool on the skin.
- Curb chain
A curb chain has flat, interlocking, identical links. The link size can vary greatly with large links used in men's jewelry and smaller, more delicate links used with women's jewelry. Twisted curb chains reflect light well.
- Curved seams
Curved seams refer to a fold or line that is curved, like Princess seams. They add tailored fit or shape to garment.
- Dangle earrings
Dangle earrings are designed to flow from the bottoms of the earlobes. They are generally attached to the ear by the use of thin wires which go through the earlobe and connect using a small hook.
Darts are a sewn-in folds or tucks designed to give garments shape, especially for a woman's bust. They are also often used around the waist and hip areas. A dart in a flat pattern has two important properties: its point, the point in the pattern at which the dart aims or converges, and the intake, or the amount of fabric taken in or removed. Pleats and gathers can be used in place of darts and serve the same purpose.
Dégradé refers to a fabric’s color, or the fabric itself, that fades from the densest pigment or thread to the finest.
- Devore velvet
Devore or burnout velvet is velvet treated with a caustic solution to dissolve areas of the pile creating a unique pattern or sheen.
- Diamond smocking
Diamond Smocking is the diamond shaped form of smocking, which is an embroidery technique used to hold gathered cloth in even folds.
Dirndl is a type of German-influenced style that consists of a bodice, blouse, and full skirt (the type of dress worn in the movie, The Sound of Music). A dirndl skirt is part of a light, circular cut dress, which is gathered at the waist and falls below the knee.
Distressed refers to an area of fabric that has been artificially aged or worn. It is commonly used on denim.
- Dolman sleeve
A dolman sleeve is a loose sleeve cut in one piece with the body of a garment. In addition to adding chic to your wardrobe, dolman sleeves pair well with skinny jeans and fitted pants.
- Double jersey
Double jersey fabric is a weft knitted fabric formed by two sets of needles. It is almost identical to single jersey fabric except the face and back side appearance is the same.
- Drop earring
A drop earring features a gemstone or other ornament that dangles down from a chain, hoop, or similar object.
- Duffel Coat
A duffel coat is a heavy woolen cloth coat named after a town in Belgium. Duffel coats traditionally have wooden toggle buttons.
- Egg shaped silhouette
The egg shaped silhouette is fitted in the top and bottom and loose in the middle. Dresses in this silhouette are not as flattering as other silhouettes.
- Embossed velvet
Embossed velvet is a velvet fabric that has been heat-stamped using a metal roller in order to create a pattern in the fabric.
- Empire Line
Empire Line is a style in clothing featuring a low cut dress with high waistline and short fitted bodice that ends just below the bust.
- Empire silhouette
The empire silhouette features a raised waistline and flares out from under the chest line. Commonly constructed by making the dress in two panels (with the skirt panel starting just under the chest), it is most suitable for those with a thick waistline.
Epaulettes are an ornamental strip of fabric on the shoulder. They can be cut from metal or cloth, but are often gold trimmed with bullion fringing. They were traditionally used on military uniforms as a device to hold shoulder belt and protect the shoulder during wartime.
- Extreme volume silhouette
The extreme volume silhouette is the most used style in outerwear and is often seen with oversize jackets and maxi dresses. Many layers of fabric are used to add volume to the piece.
Eyelets are a small hole or perforation that is used as a fastening, with a cord or hook. Usually the eyelet is set with a metal, cord or fabric ring. The ‘little eye’ ring reinforces the hole and prevents it from stretching, while the small eye is for threading lace, string or rope through.
- Facing fabric
Facing fabric refers to fabric applied to neaten the finish on the raw edges of a garment, like at necklines and armholes. Shaped facings, which are usually made from same fabric as the garment itself, are cut to match the edge they will face, while bias facings are strips of fabric cut on the true bias or cross-grain. These are shaped rather than cut to match an edge.
Fagoting is an embroidery technique that can be worked in by hand, in a crisscross design or using a machine with fine ribbon. The purpose of the stitches are to fill the space between two finished edges.
- Feather stitch
Feather Stitch is an embroidery stitch made of diagonal blanket stitches, which zigzag from left to right. Feather stitching can be used for decorating smocks or crazy quilting.
A Fedora is a popular hat shape of the 1950s, made from a soft felt and noticeable by it’s center crease on the head. Fedora hats feature a pinched front and a snapped brim.
A Fez is a red felt hat shaped like a truncated cone with a black tassel, originating in Fez, Morocco, also called a tarboosh.
- Figaro chain
Originating in Italy, the Figaro chain has flattened links with links varying in size according to a pattern. Typically 2 to 3 shorter links are alternated with a longer link.
Filigree, often found in haute couture, is an intricate and decorative technique, where gold, silver or copper wire is twisted and formed into delicate scrolls, ornate arabesques or fanciful tracery, which is scattered like etching over a fabric’s surface.
Fishtail refers to a fan shaped addition to the train of a dress, popular in evening gowns a fish like train follows behind the wearer.
- Fit and Flair
Fit and Flair refers to a dress style characterized by a form-fitting Bodice with a skirt which flairs out towards the hemline, often with pleats or folds. A Fit and Flare dress is fitted through the waist and flares out at or below the hips.
Flounce is an exaggeration, a frill or a flounce - a wide strip of fabric gathered and sewn to a skirt or dress. They most often appear at the hem and help exaggerate the character and silhouette of a skirt.
Fluted refers to a material marked by grooves via a woven rib pattern.
- Fluted hem
A fluted hem encompasses a super slim pencil skirt that flairs out at the knees or below, in a style that evokes the classic mermaid shape.
- French back clasp
A French back earring clasp has a post that goes through a loop of metal that hinges around the back of the ear. The loop of metal latches over the post where it emerged behind the ear. It is a secure and comfortable clasp.
- French hook clasp
A french hook clasp (aka fish hook clasp) is an earring clasp designed with thin metal wire curved like a hook. Normally they are long enough to not have a backing but sometimes a loop holder is used.
- Frog fastenings
Frog fastenings are ornamental braidings used to fasten the front of a garment and consist of a button on one side, with a loop to pass through on the other.
A gaiter is a protective covering of cloth or leather that sits over a shoe to cover the ankles and sometimes even the lower leg. A spat can be incorporated into the shoe itself, covering the instep and ankle.
Gingham is a medium-weight, balanced, plain woven fabric made from dyed-cotton or cotten-blend yarn. It is usually checked, combining white with red, blue, or green.
- Godet pleat
A godet pleat is a flared shape that uses triangular fabric inserts to give the garment extra movement. The skirt has a fitted upper part, with godet panels inserted at even intervals around the hem, giving it more swing.
Gore is a triangular or tapered segment (narrow at the top and wider at the base) that is inserted to extend the width from the waistline to the hem of a skirt.
- Gucci chain
A Gucci chain is similar to an anchor chain but the links are rounder as opposed to square.
Gusset refers to a panel, either triangular or diamond in shape, that is inserted into a garment to help shape and reinforce key points, like the underarms or crotch.
- H-Line silhouette
The H-Line silhouette runs straight from the shoulder to hip and crosses at the waist with a belt, cuff, or other accent, thus resembling the letter "H".
Halterneck is a style of women's clothing strap that runs from the front of the garment around to the back of the neck, leaving most of the back exposed. The style is often used with swimsuits to maximize sun exposure and to minimize tan lines. It can also be used with dresses or shirts to create a backless dress or top. The neck strap can be covered by the wearer's hair to create the impression that nothing is holding the dress or shirt up.
- Hammered velvet
Hammered velvet is an extremely lustrous, somewhat crushed velvet fabric.
- Handkerchief hems
Handkerchief hems refer to the hemline of a dress or a skirt that is made of panels of fabric that fall in points — like the corners of a handkerchief. The technique is particularly suited to bias cutting, drawing the eye away from the hips and thighs and creating the illusion of an elongated lower half of the body.
- Harem pants
Harem pants or harem trousers are loose fitting, long pants gathered in at the ankle. They are popular in Turkish dress and most associated with "belly dancing". Modern Harem pants are commonly worn with a pleated skirt (a short skirt that covers the top portion of the harem pants).
- Harris tweed
Harris Tweed is a tweed cloth that is handwoven from pure dyed virgin wool. It is a soft thick tweed that is a popular fabric for coats and suits for both men and women.
- Haute Couture
Haute couture is a high-end fashion constructed by hand from start to finish and made from high-quality, expensive, and often unusual fabric that is sewn with extreme attention to detail. A haute couture garment is always made for an individual client, tailored specifically for the wearer's measurements and body stance.
- Herringbone chain
A Herringbone chain consists of a series of short, flat links in two mo more rows that create a unique diamond pattern. Given the pattern used, they should be worn alone to avoid kinks.
- Hobble skirt
The hobble skirt first became popular in the early 1910s, when the skirt was often ankle length, tapering even narrower below the knees and causing its wearer to hobble. This knee-long corset might have been restrictive, but it kept the ladies’ skirts from blowing up in the wind.
- Hook clasp
A hook clasp uses a curved S-shaped hook on which a looped fastener slips over. Its advantage is its ease of hooking on and off.
- Hoop earrings
A hoop earring is a circular or semi-circular design that comes in the form of a hoop that can be opened to pass through the ear piercing.
Houndstooth is a duotone textile pattern characterized by broken checks or abstract four-pointed shapes. It is often in black and white to produce a eye-bending (and sometimes mind-warping) design pattern. The houndstooth pattern goes by several other names including dogstooth, dogtooth, dog's tooth, and pied-de-poule.
- Hour glass silhouette
The hour glass silhouette features a prominent fitted waistline. It is a popular silhouette that emphasizes the curves of the female body. It is most suitable for women with narrow waists.
- Huggy earrings
Huggy earrings are a type of earring that snugly encircle the earlobe. They come in a variety of shapes and sizes.
Interfacing is the extra layer of fabric that is set between the under-side of a garment — at a collar, cuff or pocket — where added strength and stiffness is needed. Interlining is the layer between the top, outer fabric and a garment’s lining, which again gives shape or strength.
- Interlock jersey
Interlock fabric is a variation of rib knit construction. Similar to a jersey knit except both the front and the back of the fabric are identical. Double knit construction makes this a thicker knit fabric. In jersey knits, it is the tightest knit and provides the smoothest surface.
Jabots are the frilled, decorative ruffles (often lace) that hang at the front of the shirt.
- Jacquard jersey
Jacquard jersey fabrics are fabrics with woven patterns or designs (as opposed to printed designs). The patterns are widely diverse. Jacquard fabrics are commonly used for dresses, pants, and jackets.
- Jersey fabric
Jersey fabric is a type of knit fabric made from wool, cotton, and synthetic fibers. It is typically a stretchy single knitting, usually light-weight, with one flat side and one piled side. It can also be a double-knitted jersey (interlock jersey) with less stress that creates a heavier fabric of two single jerseys knitted together to leave the two flat sides on the outside of the fabric with the piles in the middle. It is commonly used in T-Shirts, dresses, and women's tops. There are various types of jersey including single jersey, double jersey, interlock jersey, jacquard jersey, clocque jersey, and stretch jersey.
Jodhpurs are a tight-fitting trouser that reach to the ankle where they end in a snug cuff. They are sometimes flared at the knee and are often worn for horse riding.
- Kangaroo pockets
Kangaroo pockets are long, lengthwise pockets that have two gaps for the hands at either end. They are often used on hoodies or in sportswear, and are named for resembling a Kangaroo’s pouch.
- Keyhole neckline
Keyhole necklines are a style of neckline similar to a halter-neck, where the converging diagonals of the neckline’s construction meet at the front. But rather than there being solid fabric here, keyhole necklines have a central cutaway — the keyhole — just below the collarbone.
- Kick pleats
Kick pleats are inverted pleats used at the base of a narrow skirt to give it a ‘kick’. They allow the wearer more freedom of movement. Kick pleats are often short pleats, leading up from the bottom hem, and are commonly found in the back of skirts or coats.
- Kidney earring clasp
A kidney earring clasp is most commonly used in dangle earrings. They attach to the rear part of the earring by bending and slipping into a shaped holder. They are highly durable and require no additional nuts (as used in stud earrings).
- Knife pleat
A knife pleat is a form of sharply pressed pleating which allows the garment to expand its shape when moving. It's sometimes used to pleat dress sleeves but more often used in skirts or kilts in which all folds are turned in one direction with each pleat being three layers of fabric.
Lame (pronounced lah-MAY) refers to a shiny fabric woven or knitted with thin ribbons of gold or silver metallic fiber. Occasionally copper lame is available. Considered luxurious and glamorous, their propensity for yarn slippage makes them less ideal for daily usage and more suitable for fancy evening dresses and formal wear.
Labels are the folded flaps of cloth on the front of a jacket or coat. They are commonly found on formal clothing and suit jackets. There are three types of lapels: notched, peaked, and shawl.
- Latch back clasp
A latch back earring clasp is a hinged backing, usually on hoops that a post passes through in order to secure the earring. They are prized for their comfort.
A lavalier or lavaliere or lavalliere is necklace consisting of a pendant, sometimes with one stone, suspended from a necklace, often having additional pendants or tassels dangling from it.
- Lettuce hem
A lettuce hem is rippling, wavy hem. This type of hem works best for edging jersey or fabrics that have stretch, as the cross-grain elastic quality keeps the ‘bounce’ of the wave, not letting your lettuce go limp and flat.
- Lever back clasp
A lever back earring clasp is curved like a fish hook with an enclosure that latches behind the ear to secure the earring. The lever back mechanism is a hinged lever that is attached to the back of the earring. It is commonly used in more expensive models of jewelry.
- Line silhouette
A line silhouette is fitted in the bodice and flares slightly in the skirt giving it the appearance of the letter "A". A garment in this silhouette is narrow at the top and widens toward the hem. This silhouette smooths out lines and curves of the body and thus, flatters most body shapes.
- Lobster clasp
The most populate type of clasp, as the name implies, the lobster claw clasp resembles a lobster claw. The clasp is somewhat oval shaped and like a Spring Ring clasp, is opened or closed by pulling a small lever with the fingernal.
A lookbook is a collection of photographs compiled to show off a model, photographer, style, or clothing line.
Lycra, also known as spandex or elastane, is a synthetic fiber known for its exceptional elasticity. It is stronger and more durable than rubber and is commonly used in activewear, belts, bras, swimwear, cycling shorts, gloves, hosiery, leggings, skinny jeans, slacks, miniskirts, socks, underwear, and compression garments. Spandex is often mixed with cotton or polyester to retain the look and feel of the other fibers.
- Lyons velvet
Lyons velvet is a densely woven, stiff, heavier-weight pile velvet used for hats, coat collars and other garments.
- Mandarin collar
A Mandarin collar (aka Mao collar) is a small, close-fitting, stand up collar. It is usually about 3-4 cm high, with edges that don’t quite meet at the front.
- Mariner chain
A Mariner chain alternates a single, small, round link with a larger oval link (resembling a chain attached to a boat anchor). Also known as a Anchor chain or a Rambo chain.
- Mary Jane
Mary Jane is a flat female shoe with rounded, closed toes and a thin buckled strap across the instep. Mary Janes are typically worn with pantyhose or socks, and a dress or a skirt and blouse.
- Matinee necklace
A matinee necklace is a necklace of 20-24 inches in length.
- Maxi dress
A maxi dress is a floor or ankle length informal dress that are form-fitting and cut to flow over the body. They are easy to throw on and very comfortable.
- Maxi skirt
A maxi skirt is a skirt that drapes to ankle length. They can be flowy or curve-hugging and pair well with a wide variety of tops.
- Merino wool
Merino wool is a fine and soft wool taken from the Merino sheep. Merino wool breathes and manages moisture better than most other fibers. It provides natural heating and cooling properties and wicks moisture well. It is strong, resilient, and odor resistant. Merino wool offers natural sun protection and its fine diameter doesn't itch like thicker diameter wool fibers.
- Mermaid silhouette
The mermaid silhouette, also called trumpet silhouette, is similar to the sheath silhouette except it flares dramatically from the knees like a ball gown. It starts with a form-fitting bodice and a skirt silhouette designed to resemble the waft of a mermaid's tail. The shape makes movement difficult but many believe its beauty makes the sacrifice worthwhile. It is most suitable for those with petite figures.
- Mirror velvet
Mirror velvet is a type of exceptionally soft and light crushed velvet.
- Mitre corners
Mitre corners, or folds, are the diagonal fold used on either side of garment’s neck label, which create the loop and hook from which you can hang the piece.
Modal is a type of rayon fabric made from the fibers of the beech tree. Modal is often blended with cotton, spandex, and other synthetic fibers because it is soft, resists creases, has a very smooth finish, and drapes well. Modal breathes well and holds dye easily allowing for creation of vibrant colored fabrics.
Mohair (aka Diamond Fiber) is a long, smooth, silk-like fabric made from the hair of the angora goat. It is durable, resilient, and notable for its high luster and sheen. It is commonly used in sweaters, hats, and other fluffy accessories.
- Muscle back
Muscle back is a feature usually in vest tops where the back is cut away to reveal the wearers shoulder blades. It is a popular style in sportswear for both men and women.
- Nacre velvet
Nacre velvet is a type of velvet where the pile is woven in one or more colors and the base fabric in another creating a unique changeable, iridescent effect.
Napping is a finishing technique, where the short fibers are lifted from the fabric surface to create a ‘nap’. It can be achieved by brushing or rubbing fabrics or, alternatively, using a machine covered with fine wire teeth, which pick and raise loose fibers, fusing the ends together to prohibit frays.
- Natural Fibers
Natural fibers are elongated substances produced by plants and animals that can be spun into filaments or threads which can be woven, knitted, matted, or bonded to form fabrics. Types of plant fibers used in garments include abaca, coir, cotton, flax, hemp, jute, ramie, and sisal. Types of animal-based natural fibers include alpaca wool, angora wool, camel hair, cashmere, mohair, silk, and wool.
Neoprene is a synthetic rubber fabric used in a variety or products including wet and dry suits, shoes, braces, swimwear, gloves, and product sleeves (e.g. laptop sleeve). The fabric is thick and does not breathe. Its weight makes it perfect for form-fitting skirts and dresses.
- Notched lapel
A notched lapel is a lapel featuring a notch (i.e. sideways "V") where the lapel meets the jacket collar. It is a popular style that first perfectly with both casual dress and a more formal look. They look best on single breasted suits.
Nylon is a synthetic fabric that is often blended with other fibers including cotton, polyester, and spandex. Commonly used in stockings and various types of clothing, nylon is lightweight, elastic, durable, abrasion resistant, easy to wash, resists shrinkage and wrinkles, resists moisture, and is easily dyed.
Ombre is when a color graduates from light to dark, using all the tones of color in the spectrum.
- Omega chain
An Omega chain is a flat chain made of rectangular smooth rounded metal plates laid side by side and crimpled along the edges into a stripe of metal mesh.
- Open Back
Open back refers to a summery back style that shows the entire back without the use of straps or fabric that would obstruct the view of the back. Open Back designs usually feature a Halter Neckline to achieve Open Back look with no other obstruction. In addition to summer wear, they also layer well.
- Opera necklace
A opera necklace is a necklace of 30 inches in length.
Overcasting refers to a method of casting off. This often slanted needlework stitch that is usually done by hand and is worked over another stitch to outline a design motif. The act of overcasting can also be to stitch over raw edges to prevent work from unravelling.
- Panne velvet
Panne velvet is a type of crushed velvet produced by forcing the pile in a single direction by applying heavy pressure.
- Passementerie edging
Passementerie edging is an ornamental edging or trim, made of braid, cord, lace or metallic beading, and often coming with tassels as well. This elaborate edging, often with jet or metal beads, is frequently found in haute couture.
- Patch pockets
Patch Pockets are created by attaching a pre-cut pieces of material and sewing them, like a patch, to the outside of a garment, instead of constructing inset pockets. Often patch pockets have a flap at the top and become a feature of the design.
Patchwork is a technique of sewing small pieces of shaped fabrics, of mixed patterns, colors and texture, all together to create larger geometric designs. Traditionally, this was a form of needlework used to create the patchwork quilt, but it is now a popular technique in clothing design and interiors.
- Peaked lapel
A peaked lapel is a lapel that comes to a peak at the lapel edge (where it points upward). It is a business cut that looks good on both single breasted and double breasted suits.
Peignoir is the name for the long, sheer or chiffon outer-garment, worn over by ladies over their negligee.
Peplum is an almost skirt-like frill or addition. They were once fitted to a waistcoat or doublet, but now to a woman’s bodice, extending it below the waistline.
- Peter Pan collar
Peter Pan collars are a type of collar shaped to fit the neckline. It is a flat collar that lies upon the torso with soft, curved corners.
- Pile-on-pile velvet
Pile-on-pile velvet is a particularly luxurious type of velvet woven with piles of differing heights to create a pattern.
Piping is a trim or edging formed by sewing a thin strip of folded fabric, typically bias binding, into a narrow tube and attaching it to the edge of a piece of fabric. It can also include cord to give it extra body. Piping is often used to define or reinforce the style lines of a garment.
- Plain velvet
Plain velvet is a type of velvet commonly made of cotton. It is typically firmer than other types of velvet.
Pleats are a fold or doubling of fabric that is pressed, ironed or creased into place. Pleats that are sewn into place are called tucks.
Plissé is a lightweight fabric with a crinkled, puckered surface, formed in ridges or stripes. Plissé can also describe a chemical finishing technique, where plisse fabrics are used for underwear.
Polyester is a synthetic thread used extensively in modern-day clothing. Polyester fabrics are extremely stain resistance (so much so that they can only be colored with a specific type of dye) with excellent water, wind, and environmental resistance. When combined with cotton, creates a strong, wrinkle and tear-resistant material that is resistance to shrinking.
- Princess necklace
A princess necklace is a necklace of 18 inches in length that are worn high on the collarbone. They are a versatile price of jewelry that look good with just about anything.
- Princess silhouette
Princess silhouette refers to a garment cut in long panels, without a horizontal joining seam or any separation at the waist. Instead, it uses darts and long seams to shape the body.
- Puffed sleeve
Puffed sleeves describe a decadent ‘puff’ of fabric in the sleeve. The shape for a sleeve is gathered at the top and bottom, but full in between, allowing it to puff up and create fullness.
- Push back clasp
A push back earring clasp is the most common earring backing. A simple straight post (the stud) is inserted into a small locking metal piece (ear nut) behind the ear. Many push back clasps are interchangeable and thus, easy to replace if lost.
- Push button clasp
A push button clasp "clicks" into place. The fastener uses a lever or button which must be pushed in order to release the closure.
- Racer back
Racerback (or racer back) refers to a garment with should straps joined between the shoulder blades creating a narrow taper or T-shape in the back. The cut is comfortable and allows for easy movement
- Raglan sleeve
Raglan Sleeve is a sleeve that extends not only to the shoulder, but all the way to the neckline, creating a long, diagonal seam that runs from armpit to neck.
- Rambo chain
An Rambo chain alternates a single, small, round link with a larger oval link (resembling a chain attached to a boat anchor). Also known as a Mariner chain or a Anchor chain.
Rayon is a synthetic fiber made from regenerated cellulose fiber (primarily wood pulp). It comes in many types and grades and thus can imitate the feel and texture of silk, wool, cotton, and linen. It can easily be dyed in a wide range of colors. Rayon fabrics are soft, smooth, cool, comfortable, and highly absorbent but they do not insulate body heat which makes the fabric ideal for warm weather.
Revers are found on the neckline, formed when a wide lapel is turned back to reveal the reverse or underside of fabric.
Rhodium is a precious metal plating applied to jewelry to increase its shine, luster, and durability (it protects against scratches). It is often applied to jewelry constructed from silver. Rhodium holds the distinction of being the world's most expensive precious metal - approximately six-times more expensive than gold. Because it is nickel-free, it is hypoallergenic too. Jewelry plated with Rhodium is referred to as rhodium plated, rhodium flashing, or rhodium dip. As with any jewelry plating, rhodium will wear off over time and should be reapplied by a jeweler.
Often used for cuffs, sweater hims, and waistbands, ribbing is a tubular knit pattern in which vertical stripes of stockinette stitch alternate with vertical stripes of reverse stockinette stitch. It creates small ribs that provide a structured elastic texture.
Rickrack is a popular zigzag braid that can be woven in various widths, colours or fabric types to edge clothes and curtains.
- Ring velvet
Ring velvet or Wedding ring velvet is another name for devore or chiffon velvets. The name derives from the pliability of the velvet - they are fine enough to be drawn through a ring.
- Rolo chain
A rolo chain is made of oval interlocking links with alternate links turned 180 degrees. Also known as a belcher chain.
- Rope chain
A Rope chain uses manipulated links to avoid drawing attention to their appearance. Instead, they are linked in a twisted pattern to resemble a rope. Smaller, more delicate links work well for hanging pendants while heavier versions work to draw attention to the chain itself.
- Rope necklace
A rope or lariat necklace is any necklace over 30 inches in length.
Ruche refers to lovely rippled or wavy fabric design created by fabric gathered and sewn into a seam shorter than the length of the fabric. Often used for trim but also used to create draping and texture within the body of the garment.
Satin is a weave with a high number of floats on the fabric that produce a glossy surface on the material.
- Screw back clasp
A screw back clasp is an earring clasp designed to accept a backing screw on a post. They are the most secure stud earring backing but may take longer to put on your ears.
Seersucker is a design characterized by alternating stripes of puckered and smooth fabric. The plain weave is made in various fabrics, from synthetic to silk.
- Shawl lapel
A shawl lapel is a lapel that has no notch nor peak. It is all lapel with a rounded edge.
- Sheath silhouette
Sheath silhouette is a form-fitting, close-to-the-body silhouette from the top to the bottom of the garment. It hugs the body and thus, needs a defined waist to look its best. It is generally recommended for women who have gentle to no curves. Fitted jeans and pencil skirts belong to this silhouette.
- Shell hem
Shell hems are a dainty finishing option to edge hems, tucks or trims. This technique is essentially hemming an edge in an evenly spaced and decorative manner.
- Shoulder wedge silhouette
The shoulder wedge silhouette features shoulder pads or sleeve types like butterfly sleeves or puff sleeves, that provide emphasis to the shoulders. This silhouette works well for those with wide hips and waists (by creating the look of a narrower bottom area as related to the top).
- Shuttle woven
Shuttle woven fabrics are fabrics made using a shuttle loom. Although the shuttle loom is one of the original loom types, it still offers benefits over other types of looms especially its ability to create "self-edge" denim - denim with clean edges that do not fray or unravel.
Silhouette refers to the outline, contour, or overall shape that a garment creates when worn. Silhouettes are used to emphasize or alter a woman's shape to creating a flattering portrayal of her body. Silhouettes are described in a wide variety of categories including Ball Gown, Empire, A-Line, Sheath, Mermaid, H-Line, Basque waist, Princess, Ballerina, Straight Column, Hour Glass, Bell, Trumpet, Shoulder Wedge, Trapeze, Extreme Volume, Asymmetrical, and Egg-shaped.
Silk is a natural protein fiber produced by several insects, like silk worms. Generally only the silk of moth caterpillars has been used for textile manufacturing. Silk is best known for its shimmering effect. Silk fabric has a high absorbency making it an excellent fabric for warm weather. It is often used for clothing such as shirts, ties, blouses, formal dresses, high fashion clothes, lining, lingerie, pajamas, robes, dress suits, and sun dresses. For practical use, silk is excellent as clothing that protects from many biting insects that would ordinarily pierce clothing, such as mosquitoes and horseflies.
- Singapore chain
A Singapore chain (aka twisted curb chain) is made of twisted and braided fibers. They are typically structurally strong and eye-catching.
- Snake chain
A snake chain consists of rings which fit together closely giving the chain the appearance of a tube instead of individual, visible links.
Spandex, also known as Lycra or elastane, is a synthetic fiber known for its exceptional elasticity. It is stronger and more durable than rubber and is commonly used in activewear, belts, bras, swimwear, cycling shorts, gloves, hosiery, leggings, skinny jeans, slacks, miniskirts, socks, underwear, and compression garments. Spandex is often mixed with cotton or polyester to retain the look and feel of the other fibers.
- Spiga chain
A Spiga chain is normally created with four strands of twisted oval links. The links are braided and intricately oven together to create eye-catching pieces. Also known as a Wheat chain.
- Spring ring clasp
Similar to a lobster clasp, the spring ring clasp is a round clasp that uses a coil spring to keep the clasp closed. It is opened via a small lever pulled with the fingernail.
- Springring clasp
A springring clasp uses a hollow circle with a spring opening that secures the closure. They were invented in the early 1900's, are very small, and very effective.
A stole is band of cloth or a shawl worn around the shoulders and left to fall down the body front. It is typically created from an expensive fabric and worn over a party dress or ball gown. A stole is narrower than a typical shawl and of simpler construction than a cape.
- Straight column silhouette
A straight column silhouette has a more rectangular shape - almost the same measurement for the bust, waist, and hem. This silhouette works well for those with wide hips as it masks the hips. It is commonly seen in summer-type clothing with fabrics that are light weight and drape well.
- Stud earrings
A stud earring is constructed on the end of a post which penetrates straight through the earlobe. The post is held in place by a removable friction back or clutch. Some stud earrings use a threaded post allowing a screw back to secure the closure.
- Sweetheart neckline
Sweetheart necklines are a type of neckline featuring a curved bottom edge, usually double scalloped, that resembled the top half of a heart. Sweetheart necklines accentuate the bosom, with their concave bottom edge drawing the eye downwards.
Tartan (aka plaid) is a pattern consisting of criss-crossed horizontal and vertical bands in multiple colors. Plaid pairs well with hoops, tiny bags, and other subdued clothing items.
- Tea length dress
Despite the name, "tea length dress" does not specifically refer to the length of a dress but more accurately, the style of dress. In a tea length dress, the bottom hem of the dress hangs mid-calf (sometimes lower), about 3-4 inches above the ankle. Necklines vary as do sleeve lengths. They are typically worn to dressy daytime affairs, weddings, receptions, graduations, formal luncheons, and any evening occasion (they accommodate dancing very well).
- Trapeze silhouette
The trapeze silhouette is similar to the A-line silhouette but includes a more pronounced flare near the hem (shaped like a trapezoid, tent, or triangle). This silhouette works best with short dresses.
- Trompe L'Oeil
Trompe l’oeil is a technique where a designer creates an optical illusion, through a change in perspective, dimension, or placement.
Tulle is a lightweight, very fine, stiff netting. It is made from a variety of fibers including silk, nylon, polyester (most commonly used), and rayon. Tulle is commonly used for veils, gowns (e.g. wedding gowns), and ballet tutus.
A tunic is a long or short, usually sleeveless, straight, tubular garment.
- U-Shaped neckline
As its name implies, a U-Shaped neckline (aka Scoop neckline) is a neckline shaped like the letter "U". The scoop neckline elongates a short or thick neck, creates the illusion of a large bust, and balances the look between the upper and lower part of the body (best for those with an hourglass shape).
- Utrecht velvet
Utrecht velvet is a velvet that has been pressed and crimped. Its name derives from Utrecht in the Netherlands.
- V-shaped neckline
As its name implies, a v-shaped neckline is a neckline shaped like the letter "V". V-necklines are breezy and visually flattering to women with large busts (a higher neckline makes the bust look larger, short necks (the V shape elongates the neck), broad shoulder lines, petite heights, or short waists (draws the eye in a vertical direction).
Variegated fabric is fabric produced with different colored yarns or threads in order to provide streaks, marks, or patches of different colors.
Velour is a soft, plush, knitted fabric similar to velvet. It is usually made from cotton but can be made from synthetic fabrics (e.g. polyester). Velour is stretchy, warm, comfortable, very soft, and machine washable.
Velvet is a type of woven fabric with cut threads evenly distributed with a short, dense pile. The construction gives the fabric a unique, smooth feel.
Velveteen velvet is a type of imitation velvet. Normally made of cotton or a combination of cotton and silk, it has a pile that is short and closely set. It has a firm hand and does not drape as easily nor does it have as much seen as regular velvet.
Vents are openings in clothing that allows for greater movement of breathability. They are typically found in the back seam of a jacket.
- Voided velvet
Voided velvet is deliberately woven with areas of pile-free ground (usually satin) forming the pattern.
A waistcoat (aka vest) is a sleeveless, upper-body garment cut at waist level with a vertical, button or snap-fastened front opening. They are typically worn over a dress shirt and underneath a suit jacket of a three-piece suit. Waistcoats come in single-breasted or double-breasted styles.
- Wedge heels
Wedge Heels sit on triangular, unbroken ‘slice’, which runs solidly to the middle or front of foot. They are often made of cork, wood or rubber and are sometimes finished in cloth or leather. Wedge heels were a forerunner and more feminine alternative to the platform sole. They are one of the most comfortable and flattering options for anyone whose height needs a boost.
- Welt pockets
Welt pockets are either found on the front of a man’s tailored jacket, with a handkerchief tucked in to them, or on the reverse of a pair of jeans. They are bound, flat pockets that have finished with a welt or reinforced border along the edge of a piece of fabric.
- Wheat chain
A Wheat chain is normally created with four strands of twisted oval links. The links are braided and intricately oven together to create eye-catching pieces. Also known as a Spiga chain.
- Wing collars
Wing collars are most often found on a man’s dress collar or black tie attire. They are starched collars, that stand up stiffly, with their points folded down to resemble wings.
Wool, derived from sheep, used to be shunned as itchy and uncomfortable. That is no longer the case with small diameter wool fibers such as Merino. Modern wool fabrics are highly-breathable, moisture wicking (keeps you dry by absorbing up to 30% of its weight), highly odor resistant, naturally flame retardant, and provides excellent temperature regulation by efficiently trapping body heat. Wool clothing should be machine-washed inside out on gentle cycle in warm or cool water. It can be tumble-dried on a low setting.
X-lines refer to the silhouette of a small waist, emphasis on shoulders and a full hem follows in the shape of the letter ‘X’. An hourglass X-line is created using belted or fitted waists, padded shoulders and full skirts and is a popular style for coat.
Yoke is a fabric cut that is seamed across the top of a shirt, trouser, or skirt (usually fitting around the neck or shoulders) to provide support for looser parts of the garment.
Yoke refers to a frame or pattern that is fitted at the shoulders or the waist, to emphasize the structure of a garment. Yokes can be found stitched-in, overlaid (as decorative or transparent yokes), scalloped, scrolled or even as plastrons — yokes worn on the outside of a garment, that have been tied around the waist with a sash.
A cone heel is a type of heel that is triangular in shape, starting wide at the sole and tapering narrower, sometimes to a point. They are wider, and perhaps more manageable, than a stiletto heel.
Cruise collections are designer collections that launch between the two main ready-to-wear seasons; Spring/Summer and Autumn/Winter. In effect, they are the market's mid-season collection.