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Jacket and coat styles – the complete illustrated fashion guide to jacket and coat styles

Chanel jacket
Chanel jacket

Coats are typically worn for warmth but a great coat can make a profound fashion statement. Use this illustrated guide to understand the various components that make up a coat and jacket and the many jacket/coat styles available to choose from.

Parts of a jacket or coat

Below are the technical names for parts of a jacket or coat

Front of jacket.

Parts of a jacket or coat - front

  1. Sleeve vent and buttons
  2. Sleeve seam
  3. Sleeve head or cap
  4. Collar notch
  5. Front upper collar
  6. Under collar
  7. Back facing
  8. Collar roll
  9. Back lining pleat
  10. Collar gorge
  11. Back lining
  12. Collar Lapel
  13. Break line
  14. Jacket front
  15. Jacket side front
  16. Pocket flap
  17. Front buttons
  18. Jacket center front
  19. Side seam
  20. Seleve front
  21. Welt pocket
  22. Side front seam
  23. Chest pocket
  24. Yoke front

Back of jacket

Parts of a jacket or coat - back

  1. Upper sleeve
  2. Under sleeve
  3. Armscye
  4. Shoulder
  5. Back upper collar
  6. Yoke back
  7. Center back seam
  8. Side back seam
  9. Jacket side back
  10. Jacket back
  11. Back vent
  12. Jacket hem
  13. Sleeve hem

The shape and length of jackets

The measurement of jacket/coat lengths and sizes refer to body landmarks such as the waist, hop, and thumb. The apparel industry uses center back length measurements in inches from the base of the neck to the hem. The approximate landmarks for a size 10 are listed below.

The shape and length of jackets

 

Waist = 18/19 inches from neck to hem at center back

Hipbone = 19/20 inches from neck to hem at center back

2 inches below hip = 23/24 inches from neck to hem at center back

Crotch = 27 inches from neck to hem at center back

Rule of thumb = 28/29 inches from neck to hem at center back

Three-quarter length = 29 inches from neck to hem at center back

Seven-eighths = 34 inches from neckline to hem at center back

Jacket and coat styles by length and size

Bolero jacket

Bolero jacket

A bolero is a very short, waist length or above the waist jacket that is collarless and buttonless. It may be long- or short-sleeved or even sleeveless. Variations with long sleeves, epaulets, and braid trim are called a toreador.

Box jacket

Box jacket

A box jacket is a straight unfitted jacket that is waist length or longer. A box jacket may or may not have a collar.

Chanel jacket

Chanel jacket

A Chanel jacket is a waist length or slightly longer, unfitted, collarless jacket. The edge of a Chanel jacket is usually trimmed with braid.

Fly-away jacket

Fly-away jacket

A fly-away jacket is a jacket where both back and sides of the jacket have been given exaggerated flare or fullness. May also be referred to as a trapeze jacket.

Collared jacket and coats

Single-breasted jacket

Single-breasted jacket

A single-breasted jacket is a conventional center front closing jacket with a single button or several buttons.

Double-breasted jacket

Double-breasted jacket

A double-breasted jacket is a front closing jacket with a wide overlap. When closed, a double row of buttons are visible (although only one set may actually function while the other is merely decorative).

Collarless jacket and coats

Cardigan jacket

Cardigan jacket

A cardigan is a collarless jacket of any length with front button closures. The neckline may be round or V-shaped.

Chubby jacket

Chubby jacket

A chubby is a waist or high-hip-length coat with heavily padded shoulders and sleeves the same length as the coat. Chubby jackets are usually made of fur or a pile fabric to give it a bulky look.

Jackets and coat with band collars

Baseball jacket

Baseball jacket

A baseball jacket is a waist-length jacket with a knitted collar, cuffs, and waist finish with large snap-front closures.

Bell boy jacket

Bell boy jacket

A bell boy jacket is a waist-length, fitted jacket, with a stand up collar. They are typically trimmed with brass buttons.

Chinese jacket

Chinese jacket

A Chinese jacket is a hip-length, straight jacket with a band collar and a side front closing. They are also called Mao or coolie coats.

Nehru jacket

Nehru jacket

A Nehru is a hip-length, slightly fitted jacket with a band collar. they are buttoned at the center front and sometimes referred to as rajah or mandarin jackets.

Tyrolean jacket

Tyrolean jacket

A Tyrolean is a waist to hip-length jacket with a band collar. They may have wide lapels and are usually closed with decorative buttons.

Jacket and coats with high-stand collars

Battle jacket

Battle jacket

A battle jacket is a slightly below waist-length jacket with a fitted waistband and notched collar. They usually have patch pockets with flaps. May also be referred to as a Eisenhower jacket.

Blazer jacket

Blazer jacket

A blazer is a classic jacket that is semi-fitted, single-breasted with two or three buttons, three patch or slash pockets, and a notched collar.

Bomber jacket

Bomber jacket

A bomber jacket is a slightly below waist-length jacket with inseam pockets adapted from U.S. Air Force pilot jackets. The original jackets were leather with sheepskin lining. They are also called flight jackets.

Eton jacket

Eton jacket

An eton is a waist to hip length straight-cut or semi-fitted jacket with high stand notched collar and wide lapels worn unbuttoned or with only the top button closed.

Insulated jacket

Insulated jacket

An insulated jacket is a jacket of closely woven out fabric, filled with down or fiberfill, and usually closed with a zipper covered by a storm flap. The lining and insulation may be quilted or out fabric and lining may be quilted to hold insulation in place. It is considered a type of parka or ski jacket.

Norfolk jacket

Norfolk jacket

A norfolk jacket is a hip-length jacket with two box pleats stitched from the shoulder to the hem, except for a slot at the waist through which the matching belt is threaded. They may have hip level patch pockets.

Safari jacket

Safari jacket

A safari jacket is a single-breasted hip-length style with bellows pockets on the chest and hips and a fabric belt. They are also called bush jackets.

Parka jacket

Parka jacket

A parka is a waist or hip length jacket of windproof, water repellent fabric, usually insulated. It may have an attached hood. They are also called ski jackets.

Pea jacket

Pea jacket

A pea jacked is a double-breasted hip-length jacket with large buttons (usually metal), vertical slash pockets, wide high stand collar, and wide lapels. The traditional color is navy blue but brown and camel colors are common. They are also called pea coats or pilot coats.

Shearling jacket

Shearling jacket

A shearling is a jacket in a variety of shapes made from sheepskin tanned with the wool attached and sewn with the wool on the inside. They may also be made from manufactured fleece.

Western jacket

Western jacket

A western jacket is a waist- to hip-length jacket with yoke and breast pockets. They sometimes have fringed leather hanging from the yoke, sleeves, and hem.

Windbreaker jacket

Windbreaker jacket

A windbreaker is a lightweight, waist-length jacket with elasticized cuffs and waistband, high stand collar, and zipper or large snap-front closings.

Jacket and coats with shawl collars

Mackinaw jacket

Mackinaw jacket

A mackinaw is a double-breasted, shawl or high stand collar, belted hip length jacket of blanket-like wool fabric with a striped or plaid design.

Smoking jacket

Smoking jacket

A smoking jacket is a shawl-collared, buttonless wrap jacket fastened with a soft fabric tie belt.

Spencer jacket

Spencer jacket

A spencer jacket is a waist-length, single-breasted jacket with a shawl collar.

Jackets with hoods

Anorak jacket

Anorak jacket

An anorak is a pull-over jacket, typically with an attached hood. The front neck opening may be closed with zipper or snaps.

Unfitted outerwear

Cape

Cape

A cape is a sleeveless outer garment with a front opening, usually cut in a geometric shape such as a rectangle, circle, or oval. They sometimes have slits for armholes.

Poncho

Poncho

A poncho is a geometrically (rectangular or oval) shaped piece of fabric with an opening cut for the head, It may have a front neck opening and pockets.

Stole

Stole

A stole is a rectangle or triangle of fabric that is wrapped around the body.

Short coats

Duffle coat

Duffle coat

A duffle coat is a three-quarter length coat usually with an attached hood and wooden fasteners or metal toggles. They are also referred to as a toggle coat.

Pant coat

Pant coat

A pant coat is a thigh length coat in a sporty style. They are also called car, stadium, or suburban coats.

Fitted coats

Coachman coat

Coachman coat

A coachman coat is a coat fitted to the waistline with a flared hem line, double-breasted, wide, high-stand collar and wide lapels and brass buttons.

Princess coat

Princess coat

A princess coat is fitted to the waist with long seams from the armhole to the shoulders, no waistline seam, and flared hemline. They usually are single-breasted with a low stand collar.

Semi-fitted coats

Chesterfield coat

Chesterfield coat

A chesterfield is a semi-fitted, single or double-breasted front, high stand collar coat with wide lapels usually in velvet. May have a fly front or concealed closing.

Reefer coat

Reefer coat

A reefer is double-breasted coat with a wide collar and lapels that is fitted at the waist with long seams from the shoulders to the armhole to hem, and a flared hemline.

Trench coat

Trench coat

A trench coat is a sturdy raincoat of water repellent fabric, which is usually double-breasted, has a high stand collar with large lapels, loose shoulder yoke, epaulets, slash pockets, and a belt with buckle.

Wrap coat

Wrap coat

A wrap coat is a straight coat without buttons, held with a tie belt. They are usually double-breasted to allow for adequate overlap.

Loosely fitted coats

Balmacaan coat

Balmacaan coat

A balmacaan coat is a loose-fitting coat with raglan sleeves and small convertible collar. A fly front may be used to conceal buttons.

Polo coat

Polo coat

A polo coat is a boxy straight coat, single or double-breasted, with large buttons, optional sash belt or half belt, and a high stand collar. They are usually camel colored.

Slicker

Slicker

A slicker is a boxy coat made of brightly colored waterproof vinyl. They frequently have metal clip fasteners and may have an attached or separate hood.

Tent coat

Tent coat

A tent coat is a shaped coat, narrow at the shoulders and very flared at the hem. They are also called swing, swagger, or pyramid coats.

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